The following text is complete prescribing information based on official labeling in effect June 2000.
TORADOL, a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID), is indicated for the short-term (up to 5 days) management of moderately severe acute pain that requires analgesia at the opioid level. It is NOT indicated for minor or chronic painful conditions. TORADOL is a potent NSAID analgesic, and its administration carries many risks. The resulting NSAID-related adverse events can be serious in certain patients for whom TORADOL is indicated, especially when the drug is used inappropriately. Increasing the dose of TORADOL beyond the label recommendations will not provide better efficacy but will result in increasing the risk of developing serious adverse events.
CONCOMITANT USE WITH NSAIDs
DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION
TORADOL (ketorolac tromethamine) is a member of the pyrrolo-pyrrole group of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). The chemical name for ketorolac tromethamine is (±)-5-benzoyl-2,3-dihydro-1H-pyrrolizine-1-carboxylic acid, compound with 2-amino-2-(hydroxymethyl)-1,3-propanediol.
TORADOL is a racemic mixture of [-]S and [+]R ketorolac tromethamine. Ketorolac tromethamine may exist in three crystal forms. All forms are equally soluble in water. Ketorolac tromethamine has a pKa of 3.5 and an n-octanol/water partition coefficient of 0.26. The molecular weight of ketorolac tromethamine is 376.41.
TORADOL is available for intravenous (IV) or intramuscular (IM) administration as: 15 mg in 1 mL (1.5%) and 30 mg in 1 mL (3%) in sterile solution; 60 mg in 2 mL (3%) of ketorolac tromethamine in sterile solution is available for IM administration only. For the TUBEX syringe units, the solutions contain 10% (w/v) alcohol, USP, and 6.68 mg, 4.35 mg and 8.70 mg, respectively, of sodium chloride in sterile water. For the vials, the solutions contain 0.1% citric acid, 10% (w/v) alcohol, USP, and 6.68 mg, 4.35 mg and 8.70 mg, respectively, of sodium chloride in sterile water. The pH is adjusted with sodium hydroxide or hydrochloric acid, and the solutions are packaged with nitrogen. The sterile solutions are clear and slightly yellow in color.
TORADOL ORAL is available as round, white, film-coated, red-printed tablets. Each tablet contains 10 mg ketorolac tromethamine, the active ingredient, with added lactose, magnesium stearate and microcrystalline cellulose. The white film-coating contains hydroxypropyl methylcellulose, polyethylene glycol and titanium dioxide.
The tablets are printed with red ink that includes FD&C Red #40 Aluminum lake as the colorant. There is a large T printed on both sides of the tablet, as well as the word TORADOL on one side, and the word ROCHE on the other.
Pharmacodynamics: Ketorolac tromethamine is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID). Ketorolac tromethamine inhibits synthesis of prostaglandins and may be considered a peripherally acting analgesic. The biological activity of ketorolac tromethamine is associated with the S-form. Ketorolac tromethamine possesses no sedative or anxiolytic properties.
Pain relief was statistically different after TORADOL dosing from that of placebo at 1 / 2 hour (the first time point at which it was measured) following the largest recommended doses of TORADOL and by 1 hour following the smallest recommended doses. The peak analgesic effect occurred within 2 to 3 hours and was not statistically significantly different over the recommended dosage range of TORADOL. The greatest difference between large and small doses of TORADOL by either route was in the duration of analgesia.
: Ketorolac tromethamine is a racemic mixture of [-]S- and [+]R-enantiomeric forms, with the S-form having analgesic activity.
Comparison of IV, IM and Oral : The pharmacokinetics of ketorolac tromethamine, following IV, IM and oral doses of TORADOL, are compared in Table 1. The extent of bioavailability following administration of the oral and IM forms of TORADOL was equal to that following an IV bolus.
Linear Kinetics: Following administration of single ORAL, IM or IV doses of TORADOL in the recommended dosage ranges, the clearance of the racemate does not change. This implies that the pharmacokinetics of ketorolac tromethamine in humans, following single or multiple IM, IV or recommended oral doses of TORADOL, are linear. At the higher recommended doses, there is a proportional increase in the concentrations of free and bound racemate.
Binding and Distribution: The ketorolac tromethamine racemate has been shown to be highly protein bound (99%). Nevertheless, even plasma concentrations as high as 10 µg/mL will only occupy approximately 5% of the albumin binding sites. Thus, the unbound fraction for each enantiomer will be constant over the therapeutic range. A decrease in serum albumin, however, will result in increased free drug concentrations.
The mean apparent volume (V(beta)) of ketorolac tromethamine following complete distribution was approximately 13 liters. This parameter was determined from single-dose data.
Metabolism: Ketorolac tromethamine is largely metabolized in the liver. The metabolic products are hydroxylated and conjugated forms of the parent drug. The products of metabolism, and some unchanged drug, are excreted in the urine.
Clearance and Excretion: A single-dose study with 10 mg TORADOL (n=9) demonstrated that the S-enantiomer is cleared approximately two times faster than the R-enantiomer and that the clearance was independent of the route of administration. This means that the ratio of S/R plasma concentrations decreases with time after each dose. There is little or no inversion of the R- to S- form in humans. The clearance of the racemate in normal subjects, elderly individuals and in hepatically and renally impaired patients is outlined in Table 2.
The half-life of the ketorolac tromethamine S-enantiomer was approximately 2.5 hours (SD ± 0.4) compared with 5 hours (SD ± 1.7) for the R-enantiomer. In other studies, the half-life for the racemate has been reported to lie within the range of 5 to 6 hours.
Accumulation: TORADOL administered as an IV bolus every 6 hours for 5 days to healthy subjects (n=13), showed no significant difference in C max on Day 1 and Day 5. Trough levels averaged 0.29 µg/mL (SD ± 0.13) on Day 1 and 0.55 µg/mL (SD ± 0.23) on Day 6. Steady state was approached after the fourth dose.
Accumulation of ketorolac tromethamine has not been studied in special populations (elderly patients, renal failure patients or hepatic disease patients).
Effect of Food: Oral administration of TORADOL after a high-fat meal resulted in decreased peak and delayed time-to-peak concentrations of ketorolac tromethamine by about 1 hour. Antacids did not affect the extent of absorption.
Kinetics in Special Populations: Elderly Patients: Based on single-dose data only, the half-life of the ketorolac tromethamine racemate increased from 5 to 7 hours in the elderly (65 to 78 years) compared with young healthy volunteers (24 to 35 years) (see Table 2). There was little difference in the C max for the two groups (elderly, 2.52 µg/mL ± 0.77; young, 2.99 µg/mL ± 1.03) (see PRECAUTIONS -- Use in the Elderly ).
Renally Impaired Patients: Based on single-dose data only, the mean half-life of ketorolac tromethamine in renally impaired patients is between 6 and 19 hours and is dependent on the extent of the impairment. There is poor correlation between creatinine clearance and total ketorolac tromethamine clearance in the elderly and populations with renal impairment (r=0.5).
In patients with renal disease, the AUC infinity of each enantiomer increased by approximately 100% compared with healthy volunteers. The volume of distribution doubles for the S-enantiomer and increases by 1/5th for the R-enantiomer. The increase in volume of distribution of ketorolac tromethamine implies an increase in unbound fraction.
The AUC infinity -ratio of the ketorolac tromethamine enantiomers in healthy subjects and patients remained similar, indicating there was no selective excretion of either enantiomer in patients compared to healthy subjects (see -- Renal Effects ).
Hepatic Effects: There was no significant difference in estimates of half-life, AUC infinity and C max in 7 patients with liver disease compared to healthy volunteers (see PRECAUTIONS -- Hepatic Effects).
Clinical Studies: The analgesic efficacy of intramuscularly, intravenously and orally administered TORADOL was investigated in two postoperative pain models: general surgery (orthopedic, gynecologic and abdominal) and oral surgery (removal of impacted third molars). The studies were double-blind, single- and multiple-dose, parallel trial designs in patients with moderate to severe pain at baseline. TORADOL IV/IM was compared as follows: IM to meperidine or morphine administered intramuscularly and IV to morphine administered either directly IV or through a PCA (Patient-Controlled Analgesia) pump.
Short-Term Use (up to 5 days) Studies: In the comparisons of intramuscular administration during the first hour, the onset of analgesic action was similar for TORADOL and the narcotics, but the duration of analgesia was longer with TORADOL than with the opioid comparators meperidine or morphine.
In a multidose, postoperative (general surgery) double-blind trial of TORADOL IM 30 mg versus morphine 6 and 12 mg IM, each drug given on an as needed basis for up to 5 days, the overall analgesic effect of TORADOL IM 30 mg was between that of morphine 6 and 12 mg. The majority of patients treated with either TORADOL or morphine were dosed for up to 3 days; a small percentage of patients received 5 days of dosing.
In clinical settings where perioperative morphine was allowed, TORADOL IV 30 mg, given once or twice as needed, provided analgesia comparable to morphine 4 mg IV once or twice as needed.
There was relatively limited experience with 5 consecutive days of TORADOL IV use in controlled clinical trials, as most patients were given the drug for 3 days or less. The adverse events seen with IV-administered TORADOL were similar to those observed with IM-administered TORADOL, as would be expected based on the similar pharmacokinetics and bioequivalence (AUC, clearance, plasma half-life) of IV and IM routes of TORADOL administration.
Clinical Studies with Concomitant Use of Opioids: Clinical studies in postoperative pain management have demonstrated that TORADOL IV/IM , when used in combination with opioids, significantly reduced opioid consumption. This combination may be useful in the subpopulation of patients especially prone to opioid-related complications. TORADOL and narcotics should not be administered in the same syringe.
In a postoperative study, where all patients received morphine by a PCA device, patients treated with TORADOL IV as fixed intermittent boluses (eg, 30 mg initial dose followed by 15 mg q3h), required significantly less morphine (26%) than the placebo group. Analgesia was significantly superior, at various postdosing pain assessment times, in the patients receiving TORADOL IV plus PCA morphine as compared to patients receiving PCA-administered morphine alone.
Postmarketing Surveillance Study: A large postmarketing observational, nonrandomized study, involving approximately 10,000 patients receiving TORADOL, demonstrated that the risk of clinically serious gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding was dose-dependent (see Tables 3A and 3B). This was particularly true in elderly patients who received an average daily dose greater than 60 mg/day of TORADOL (Table 3A).
TORADOL is indicated for the short-term (</=5 days) management of moderately severe acute pain that requires analgesia at the opioid level, usually in a postoperative setting. Therapy should always be initiated with TORADOL IV/IM , and TORADOL ORAL is to be used only as continuation treatment, if necessary. Combined use of TORADOL IV/IM and TORADOL ORAL is not to exceed 5 days of use because of the potential of increasing the frequency and severity of adverse reactions associated with the recommended doses (see , PRECAUTIONS , DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION and ADVERSE REACTIONS ). Patients should be switched to alternative analgesics as soon as possible, but TORADOL therapy is not to exceed 5 days.
TORADOL IV/IM has been used concomitantly with morphine and meperidine and has shown an opioid-sparing effect. For breakthrough pain, it is recommended to supplement the lower end of the TORADOL IV/IM dosage range with low doses of narcotics prn, unless otherwise contraindicated. TORADOL IV/IM and narcotics should not be administered in the same syringe (see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION : Pharmaceutical Information for TORADOL IV/IM ).
(see also Boxed WARNING):
(see also Boxed WARNING):
The combined use of TORADOL IV/IM and TORADOL ORAL is not to exceed 5 days.
The most serious risks associated with TORADOL are:
Information for Patients: TORADOL is a potent NSAID and may cause serious side effects such as gastrointestinal bleeding or kidney failure, which may result in hospitalization and even fatal outcome.
Physicians, when prescribing TORADOL, should inform their patients of the potential risks of TORADOL treatment (see Boxed WARNING , , PRECAUTIONS and ADVERSE REACTIONS sections). Advise patients not to give TORADOL ORAL to other family members and to discard any unused drug.
Remember that the total duration of TORADOL therapy is not to exceed 5 days.
Drug Interactions: Ketorolac is highly bound to human plasma protein (mean 99.2%).
The in vitro binding of warfarin to plasma proteins is only slightly reduced by ketorolac tromethamine (99.5% control vs 99.3%) when ketorolac plasma concentrations reach 5 to 10 µg/mL. Ketorolac does not alter digoxin protein binding. In vitro studies indicate that, at therapeutic concentrations of salicylate (300 µg/mL), the binding of ketorolac was reduced from approximately 99.2% to 97.5%, representing a potential twofold increase in unbound ketorolac plasma levels. Therapeutic concentrations of digoxin, warfarin, ibuprofen, naproxen, piroxicam, acetaminophen, phenytoin and tolbutamide did not alter ketorolac tromethamine protein binding.
In a study involving 12 volunteers, TORADOL ORAL was coadministered with a single dose of 25 mg warfarin , causing no significant changes in pharmacokinetics or pharmacodynamics of warfarin. In another study, TORADOL IV/IM was given with two doses of 5000 U of heparin to 11 healthy volunteers, resulting in a mean template bleeding time of 6.4 minutes (3.2 to 11.4 min) compared to a mean of 6.0 minutes (3.4 to 7.5 min) for heparin alone and 5.1 minutes (3.5 to 8.5 min) for placebo. Although these results do not indicate a significant interaction between TORADOL and warfarin or heparin, the administration of TORADOL to patients taking anticoagulants should be done extremely cautiously, and patients should be closely monitored (see and PRECAUTIONS ).
TORADOL IV/IM reduced the diuretic response to furosemide in normovolemic healthy subjects by approximately 20% (mean sodium and urinary output decreased 17%).
Concomitant administration of TORADOL ORAL and probenecid resulted in decreased clearance of ketorolac and significant increases in ketorolac plasma levels (total AUC increased approximately threefold from 5.4 to 17.8 µg/h/mL) and terminal half-life increased approximately twofold from 6.6 to 15.1 hours. Therefore, concomitant use of TORADOL and probenecid is contraindicated.
Inhibition of renal lithium clearance, leading to an increase in plasma lithium concentration, has been reported with some prostaglandin synthesis-inhibiting drugs. The effect of TORADOL on plasma lithium has not been studied, but cases of increased lithium plasma levels during TORADOL therapy have been reported.
Concomitant administration of methotrexate and some NSAIDs has been reported to reduce the clearance of methotrexate, enhancing the toxicity of methotrexate. The effect of TORADOL on methotrexate clearance has not been studied.
In postmarketing experience there have been reports of a possible interaction between TORADOL IV/IM and nondepolarizing muscle relaxants that resulted in apnea. The concurrent use of TORADOL with muscle relaxants has not been formally studied.
Concomitant use of ACE inhibitors may increase the risk of renal impairment, particularly in volume-depleted patients.
Sporadic cases of seizures have been reported during concomitant use of TORADOL and antiepileptic drugs (phenytoin, carbamazepine).
Hallucinations have been reported when TORADOL was used in patients taking psychoactive drugs (fluoxetine, thiothixene, alprazolam).
TORADOL IV/IM has been administered concurrently with morphine in several clinical trials of postoperative pain without evidence of adverse interactions. Do not mix TORADOL and morphine in the same syringe.
There is no evidence in animal or human studies that TORADOL induces or inhibits hepatic enzymes capable of metabolizing itself or other drugs.
Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis and Impairment of Fertility: An 18-month study in mice with oral doses of ketorolac tromethamine at 2 mg/kg/day (0.9 times the human systemic exposure at the recommended IM or IV dose of 30 mg qid, based on area-under-the-plasma-concentration curve [AUC]), and a 24-month study in rats at 5 mg/kg/day (0.5 times the human AUC) showed no evidence of tumorigenicity.
Ketorolac tromethamine was not mutagenic in the Ames test, unscheduled DNA synthesis and repair, and in forward mutation assays. Ketorolac tromethamine did not cause chromosome breakage in the in vivo mouse micronucleus assay. At 1590 µg/mL and at higher concentrations, ketorolac tromethamine increased the incidence of chromosomal aberrations in Chinese hamster ovarian cells.
Impairment of fertility did not occur in male or female rats at oral doses of 9 mg/kg (0.9 times the human AUC) and 16 mg/kg (1.6 times the human AUC) of ketorolac tromethamine, respectively.
Pregnancy: Pregnancy Category C. Reproduction studies have been performed during organogenesis using daily oral doses of ketorolac tromethamine at 3.6 mg/kg (0.37 times the human AUC) in rabbits and at 10 mg/kg (1.0 times the human AUC) in rats. Results of these studies did not reveal evidence of teratogenicity to the fetus. Oral doses of ketorolac tromethamine at 1.5 mg/kg (0.14 times the human AUC), administered after gestation Day 17, caused dystocia and higher pup mortality in rats. There are no adequate and well-controlled studies of TORADOL in pregnant women. TORADOL should be used during pregnancy only if the potential benefit justifies the potential risk to the fetus.
Labor and Delivery: The use of TORADOL is contraindicated in labor and delivery because, through its prostaglandin synthesis inhibitory effect, it may adversely affect fetal circulation and inhibit uterine contractions, thus increasing the risk of uterine hemorrhage (see CONTRAINDICATIONS ).
Lactation and Nursing: After a single administration of 10 mg of TORADOL ORAL to humans, the maximum milk concentration observed was 7.3 ng/mL, and the maximum milk-to-plasma ratio was 0.037. After 1 day of dosing (qid), the maximum milk concentration was 7.9 ng/mL, and the maximum milk-to-plasma ratio was 0.025. Because of the possible adverse effects of prostaglandin-inhibiting drugs on neonates, use in nursing mothers is contraindicated.
Pediatric Use: Safety and efficacy in children (less than 16 years of age) have not been established. Therefore, use of TORADOL in children is not recommended.
Use in the Elderly (>/=65 years of age): Because ketorolac tromethamine may be cleared more slowly by the elderly (see ) who are also more sensitive to the adverse effects of NSAIDs (see : Renal Effects ), extra caution and reduced dosages (see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION) must be used when treating the elderly with TORADOL IV/IM . The lower end of the TORADOL IV/IM dosage range is recommended for patients over 65 years of age, and total daily dose is not to exceed 60 mg. The incidence and severity of gastrointestinal complications increases with increasing dose of, and duration of treatment with, TORADOL.
Adverse reaction rates increase with higher doses of TORADOL. Practitioners should be alert for the severe complications of treatment with TORADOL, such as GI ulceration, bleeding and perforation, postoperative bleeding, acute renal failure, anaphylactic and anaphylactoid reactions and liver failure (see Boxed WARNING , , PRECAUTIONS and DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION ). These NSAID-related complications can be serious in certain patients for whom TORADOL is indicated, especially when the drug is used inappropriately.
The Adverse Reactions Listed Below Were Reported In Clinical Trials As Probably Related To TORADOL:
In controlled overdosage, daily doses of 360 mg of TORADOL IV/IM given for 5 days (three times the highest recommended dose), caused abdominal pain and peptic ulcers which healed after discontinuation of dosing. Metabolic acidosis has been reported following intentional overdosage.
Dialysis does not significantly clear ketorolac tromethamine from the blood stream.
THE COMBINED DURATION OF USE OF TORADOL IV/IM AND TORADOL ORAL IS NOT TO EXCEED 5 DAYS.
THE USE OF TORADOL ORAL IS ONLY INDICATED AS CONTINUATION THERAPY TO TORADOL IV/IM .
TORADOL IV/IM may be used as a single or multiple dose on a regular or prn schedule for the management of moderately severe acute pain that requires analgesia at the opioid level, usually in a postoperative setting. Hypovolemia should be corrected prior to the administration of TORADOL (see : Renal Effects ). Patients should be switched to alternative analgesics as soon as possible, but TORADOL therapy is not to exceed 5 days.
When administering TORADOL IV/IM , the IV bolus must be given over no less than 15 seconds. The IM administration should be given slowly and deeply into the muscle. The analgesic effect begins in 30 minutes with maximum effect in 1 to 2 hours after dosing IV or IM. Duration of analgesic effect is usually 4 to 6 hours.
For breakthrough pain do not increase the dose or the frequency of TORADOL. Consideration should be given to supplementing these regimens with low doses of opioids prn unless otherwise contraindicated.
Pharmaceutical Information for TORADOL IV/IM : Parenteral drug products should be inspected visually for particulate matter and discoloration prior to administration whenever solution and container permit.
TORADOL IV/IM should not be mixed in a small volume (eg, in a syringe) with morphine sulfate, meperidine hydrochloride, promethazine hydrochloride or hydroxyzine hydrochloride; this will result in precipitation of ketorolac from solution.
TORADOL ORAL is indicated ONLY as continuation therapy to TORADOL IV/IM for the management of moderately severe acute pain that requires analgesia at the opioid level (see also PRECAUTIONS : Information for Patients ).
Transition from TORADOL IV/IM to TORADOL ORAL : The recommended TORADOL ORAL dose is as follows:
Shortening the recommended dosing intervals may result in increased frequency and severity of adverse reactions.
The TUBEX® BLUNT POINTE TM Sterile Cartridge Unit is suitable for substances to be administered intravenously only. It is intended for use with injection sets specifically manufactured as "needle-less" injection systems. TUBEX® BLUNT POINTE TM is compatible with Abbott' LifeShield® prepierced reseal injection site, Baxter's InterLink® Injection Site, and B. Braun Medical' SafSite® Reflux Valve. Consult manufacturer's recommendations regarding "Directions for Use" of the "needle-less" system. It is also intended for admixture with, and convenient administration of, various medicaments when using Drug Vial Adapters for "needle-less" injection systems.
The TUBEX® Sterile Cartridge-Needle Unit and sterile vial are suitable for substances to be administered intravenously and intramuscularly.
TORADOL IV/IM for intramuscular or intravenous use is available in a TUBEX® Cartridge-Needle Unit or a sterial vial:
15 mg: 15 mg/mL, 1 mL TUBEX® Sterile Cartridge-Needle Unit (22 gauge × 1- 1 / 4 inch needle) box of 10 (NDC 0004-6921-06) or 1 mL fill per 2 mL single use vial, box of 10 (NDC 0004-6925-06).
30 mg: 30 mg/mL, 1 mL TUBEX® Sterile Cartridge-Needle Unit (22 gauge × 1- 1 / 4 inch needle) box of 10 (NDC 0004-6923-06) or 1 mL fill per 2 mL single use vial, box of 10 (NDC 0004-6926-06).
For IM Single-Dose Use Only Not Intended for IV Use--60 mg: 30 mg/mL, 2 mL TUBEX® Sterile Cartridge-Needle Unit (22 gauge × 1- 1 / 4 inch needle) box of 1 (NDC 0004-6924-09 or 2 mL fill per 2 mL single use vial, box of 1 (NDC 0004-6927-09).
TORADOL IV for intravenous use is available in a TUBEX® BLUNT POINTE TM Sterile Cartridge Unit:
15 mg: 15 mg/mL, 1 mL TUBEX® BLUNT POINTE TM Sterile Cartridge Unit, box of 10 (NDC 0004-6920-06).
30 mg: 30 mg/mL, 1 mL TUBEX® BLUNT POINTE TM Sterile Cartridge Unit, box of 10 (NDC 0004-6922-06).
Syringes manufactured by Wyeth Laboratories, Inc., Philadelphia, PA 19101 for Roche Laboratories Inc., Nutley, NJ 07110.
Vials manufactured by Hoffmann-La Roche Inc., Nutley, NJ 07110.
Store at 15° to 30°C (59° to 86°F) with protection from light.
TORADOL ORAL 10 mg tablets are available in bottles of 100 tablets (NDC 0004-0273-01).
Store bottles at 15° to 30°C (59° to 86°F).
Manufactured by Syntex Puerto Rico, Inc., Humacao, PR 00791
NOTE: The TUBEX® Injector is reusable: do not discard.
TUBEX® Sterile Cartridge-Needle Unit
DIRECTIONS FOR USE
TUBEX® BLUNT POINTE TM Sterile Cartridge Unit
DIRECTIONS FOR USE:
TUBEX® BLUNT POINTE TM Sterile Cartridge Unit is intended for use with injection sets specifically manufactured as "needle-less" injection systems.
TUBEX® BLUNT POINTE TM Sterile Cartridge Unit is compatible with Abbott' LifeShield® prepierced reseal injection site, Baxter's InterLink® Injection Site and B. Braun Medical' SafSite® Reflux Valve. Consult manufacturer's recommendations regarding "Directions for Use" of the "needle-less" injection system.
Method of administration is the same as with conventional syringe. Remove needle cover by grasping it securely; twist and pull. Introduce needle into patient, aspirate by pulling back slightly on the plunger, and inject.
"Needle-less" IV set administration is similar to administration with conventional syringes. Remove rubber cover by grasping it securely; twist and pull. For B. Braun Medical' SafSite® Reflux Valves, aseptically swab the luer slip
fitting of the BLUNT POINTE TM sterile cartridge tip assembly with a sterile, individually wrapped, saturated 70% Isopropyl Alcohol swab. This action will remove the lubricant coating from the tip to facilitate a tight seal. Introduce TUBEX® BLUNT POINTE TM Sterile Cartridge Unit into the "needle-less" IV set as per manufacturer's "Directions for Use."
The TUBEX® Injector is reusable and should not be discarded. Used TUBEX® Cartridge Units should not be employed for successive injections or as multiple-dose containers. They are intended to be used only once and discarded.
NOTE: Any graduated markings on TUBEX® Sterile Cartridge Units are to be used only as a guide in mixing, withdrawing, or administering measured doses.
Revised August 1997